Warning: This article contains major spoilers.
A different version of this essay appeared at Genji Press.

The key to Violent Cop is not in the violent moments, but the moments where Detective Azuma (Takeshi Kitano, a/k/a Beat Takeshi) just stands there. Late in the movie, after he has been thrown off the police force and his only friend has been killed, he stands in the office of his commander, unflinching, unblinking, unmoving. This is a man whose reaction to all of life has been distilled down to exactly two stances: indifference or violence. There is nothing else there.

Violent Cop is the first film Kitano directed, and easily the darkest and least forgiving of all his films to date. It is also still one of his very best, even if Kitano himself does not think highly of it. It allowed Kitano to assert himself as both as an accomplished actor and director, two things the Japanese public would have difficulty warming up to from someone long pigeonholed as a comedian and TV funnyman. Most folks outside the country experienced him first as a "serious" actor (e.g., by way of Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence). But even those who already know him by way of his gangsters-'n-guns projects like Brother or Outrage are likely to be taken aback by how blunt and unforgiving Violent Cop is even by the standards of those films.

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© 1989 Shochiku Co., Ltd. / Bandai Visual Co., Ltd.
Azuma’s only responses to the world are indifference or violence.

Violent Cop wastes no time setting up its mood, as the very first scene involves a gang of teenaged boys beating a homeless man senseless. At first there’s only the man smiling toothlessly as he eats something (soup?); then a soccer ball comes plummeting into the frame and bashes into his belongings. The camera lingers dispassionately as the kids punch and kick him; when he collapses, they applaud, cheer, and head on home. Azuma (who has been presumably watching all along) spies one of the boys returning to his house, strides in, and tells the kid to turn himself him. "I didn’t do anything!" the boy whines. "You didn’t do anything? Then I didn’t do anything, either!" Azuma bellows, and pounds the kid’s head against the wall.

The next day, when Azuma comes to work, he learns the kid turned himself in. His response: he nods and goes back to his cigarette and newspaper. Even when his work seems to accomplish something good, he takes no joy in it, no sense of achievement. There is something fundamentally wrong with this man, but the movie never says exactly what. Any explanation would be arbitrary in a movie like this anyway. What matters is how it manifests, and in his case it manifests through violence. The fact that he waited for the boys to finish beating the stuffing out of the poor man before venturing to do anything is even more chilling.

The only things Azuma cares about at all are his sister and his friend in the police force’s vice squad, Iwaki (Shigeru Hiraizumi). Iwaki is bespectacled and competent, as serene as Azuma is coldly undisciplined, but the two of them have somehow become close friends, inasmuch as Azuma seems able to form friendships. Azuma’s sister has some undefined mental problem (some people have theorized she’s an ex-druggie who suffered brain damage); the first time we see her, Azuma is picking her up from a stint in an institution. She’s placid, gentle, and utterly harmless, which may be—if I read the movie’s algebra correctly—why he is so compulsively protective of her. At one point he comes home to find she’s picked up a man at a bar (or is it the other way around?). He drags the poor sod out into the street, kicking and punching him all the way to the bus stop. The sister is wholly unperturbed, and the movie hints that perhaps she is simply not functionally capable of understanding her brother, even though she clearly loves him nonetheless.

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© 1989 Shochiku Co., Ltd. / Bandai Visual Co., Ltd.
Azuma usually grubs money off his partner Kikuchi instead of doing real detective work.

Azuma is assigned a new partner, Kikuchi (Makoto Ashikawa, another Kitano regular), an eager-beaverish rookie who seems overwhelmed just by the idea of being a cop. Azuma doesn’t even bother to say hello to him the first time he shows up, and treats him like dirt throughout the film. He stiffs Kikuchi for cab fare on the way to a crime scene, signs an apology for a police beating he administered using Kikuchi’s name, smacks him to get his attention like a parent disciplining an unruly child, borrows money from him indiscriminately, brags to him about accidentally shooting a neighbor’s kid ("I was actually aiming for him," he laughs), and on and on.

Violence, casual or overt, is the only form of communication Azuma has with people who aren't Iwaki or his sister. Anyone who is ostensibly a criminal has it even worse. At one point he and his partner corner a drug dealer in a restroom and demand to know where he gets his supply from. He tells them to go to hell. Azuma hits him across the face. No answer. "Where?" Azuma shouts, over and over again, slapping him in the face each time. Again and again he hits him, until the man’s face swells and the blood vessels break, until the scene departs from stylized violence entirely and becomes the depiction of a pathology.

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© 1989 Shochiku Co., Ltd. / Bandai Visual Co., Ltd.
Azuma corners a drug dealer in a restroom and administers a clinically brutal beating.

Gradually, in pieces, the movie provides us with a semblance of a plot. We learn that there is a drug-smuggling operation going on, run by a businessman named Nito (long-faced Ittoku Kishibe) who has a savage right-hand man, Kiyohiro (Korean actor and rock singer Hakuryu). The gang uses a source inside the police department to obtain confiscated drugs, putting them back into circulation. Their supplier inside the department, as it turns out, is none other than Iwaki. Iwaki takes Azuma out for lunch at one point and tells him everything; the whole scene is shot without sound through a plate-glass window and shows only Azuma, sitting, listening, stone-faced. We do not need to hear the conversation to know its significance. His expression, or lack of one, says it all.

The next day Iwaki turns up dead, ostensibly a suicide, but Azuma doesn’t buy it. (The irony is that there is at least some reason to believe Iwaki did kill himself, but the movie is quite rightly ambiguous on the subject.) Fed up with being stonewalled on all sides, Azuma busts Kiyohiro on drug charges, using Kikuchi to corroborate his planted evidence. This is done as unsubtly as possible: "I have drugs?" the hitman says, staring at the search warrant. "Where?" "Right here," Azuma grins, taking out a syringe and an envelope.

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© 1989 Shochiku Co., Ltd. / Bandai Visual Co., Ltd.
Iwaki, Azuma’s friend, is tangled up with a drug distribution ring that includes the brutal Kiyohiro.

The abuse of power doesn’t end there. Azuma beats Kiyohiro to a pulp in the police station locker room after failing to trick the guy into shooting him. When the assassin sneers "You’re nuts, just like your sister," it acts like a trigger release: Azuma shoves his gun into the man’s mouth and tries to blow his head off. It takes four other cops to pry them apart, one of whom gets shot through the shoulder for his trouble. Azuma's boss makes a big show of firing him in front of his fellow officers, but in private his boss gives him the opportunity to resign on his own. A hint, one of many, that Azuma's excesses were the sort of thing the department secretly sanctioned and tolerated; why else even give him the chance to save face?

Everything is downhill from there, and I recommend you skip the next few paragraphs if you have not already seen the film. Kiyohiro's gang of goons kidnap his sister, rape her repeatedly, and shoot her up with heroin. Kiyohiro himself also goes after Azuma, who manages to survive being stabbed in the hand (in an excruciatingly drawn-out scene). After picking up a black-market gun, Azuma murders Nito, then heads for the gang hideout in an abandoned parking garage. The final shootout is a standing example for the way violence would be used in almost every successive Kitano movie of this kind. There’s no glamour here, no John Woo two-gun heroics, just people murdering each other senselessly, and a final moment involving the sister that’s no less appalling on repeat viewings.

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© 1989 Shochiku Co., Ltd. / Bandai Visual Co., Ltd.
Only Azuma’s sister matters to him, and she’s the only object of real tenderness in his life.

The movie’s coda is even bleaker. In a shot that mirror’s the movie’s opening, Kikuchi heads over to Nito’s office, where Nito's former right-hand man, now in charge, asks: "So you replace Iwaki?" and slides over a bundle of bills. "Yes," the rookie grins, "but I’m much smarter." And so in the end nothing has changed—much like Azuma himself never changes. In other movies, this would be a deficit; in this one, it is simply consistency with the overall plan.

Violent Cop was Kitano’s first film as a director, but he wound up helming the movie under slightly odd circumstances. Originally cast to play Azuma by veteran director Kinji Fukasaku (Battle Royale), he stepped in as director when Fukasaku could not commit the time needed, and rewrote the script heavily. The original version of the story had been, incredibly, a comedy, a likely reason why Kitano was picked for it. (One wonders in vain what a comic version of this storyline would have been like.) But Kitano wanted to distance his more serious film persona from his TV roles, and used his position in the director's chair here to further that. The resulting film was a hit, and cemented Kitano as a top player in Japanese cinema.

Many of Kitano’s movies involve the effects of a negative environment on a relatively innocent character. In Violent Cop, it’s Kikuchi the rookie. He starts the movie with the greatest enthusiasm for his job, but by the time Azuma is through with him (and has gotten himself killed for his efforts), selling out to the drug gang seems like a step up in the world. None of his efforts to actually be a good cop pay off in the slightest way.

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© 1989 Shochiku Co., Ltd. / Bandai Visual Co., Ltd.
Azuma arrests Kiyohiro on false pretenses and tries to trick him into killing him.

The movie actually has relatively few on-screen acts of violence, but every single one of them has appalling impact. The movie seethes with real cruelty—not the stylized shootings of most cop movies, but one-on-one brutality that springs from genuinely ugly places inside the characters. I mentioned the beating that opens the movie, the face-slapping scene, and the closing shootout; even nastier is another scene where Azuma and the hitman tussle in a public street, which ends with Azuma getting stabbed and an innocent bystander shot in the face. There are other moments that just seem to have been dropped in to make the movie’s overall tone even more foul, like when a gang of kids pelt a passing ferry with garbage and shout "Asshole!" at the driver. Under and over all this Kitano uses a lilting, jazzy score—partly original music by Daisaku Kume and partly a drum-machine-and-synth version of Erik Satie’s "Gnossienes"—that throws everything into even sharper relief.

Kitano is not fond of the movie, mainly because it was his first outing as a feature director, and he was still learning the ropes. "[Violent Cop] was shot a long time ago, when I didn't knew how to make a film," he stated in an interview. "At least now, I am beginning to grasp what filmmaking is all about, gradually, so I watched it again the other day on video, so that I could comment on it during the interview, as I had forgotten almost everything about it. Frankly, I couldn't bear to watch it. It's like being forced to watch yourself when you were a kid. I felt so embarrassed." It may not be possible for him to see anything else, but from where I sit, he has nothing to be embarrassed about.

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© 1989 Shochiku Co., Ltd. / Bandai Visual Co., Ltd.
Having lost everying, Azuma goes gunning for Nitto and the rest of the drug gang.
Note: The products mentioned here were purchased by the reviewer with personal funds, or watched using the reviewer's personal streaming account. No compensation was provided by the creators or publishers for the sake of this review.

About the Author

Serdar Yegulalp (@GanrikiDotOrg) is Editor-in-Chief of Ganriki.org. He has written about anime professionally as the Anime Guide for Anime.About.com, and as a contributor to Advanced Media Network, but has also been exploring the subject on his own since 1998.